How To Write Like A Journalist – 4 Key Elements

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Journalists are taught how to write news, which means writing no-nonsense copy that gets to the important information as quickly as possible.

In a hard-hitting news story, there is no room for opinion, advice, humor or commentary. Most importantly, you should dispense with flowery writing and twinkling prose. It is not a literary masterpiece that is going to impress your readers. It is the information you give them.

A news story is a stripped-down article that tells your readers what happened or who said what. Great news writing is as much an art as stringing together priceless prose for an elegant novel or thought-provoking poem.

And the best news writing involves the simplest words and the most basic of sentence constructions. You would be surprised at how much difficulty some rookie writers get into in trying to perfect this straightforward formula.

Journalists write to a set pattern most of the time. It is a tried and tested format that is pretty much unchanged for many years and successfully outlines key information in the correct order.

While journalists in different organizations around the world may tweak the formula here and there, news writing, by and large, involves for elements.

1. Angle – A news story without an angle is like pizza without cheese. Try biting into a pizza minus the cheese and all you get is …a sandwich. When you learn how to write like a journalist the first thing you should be taught is how to identify angles, which in effect is your topic and is the reason you are writing an article in the first place.

2. Introduction – Often called intro or lead, this is your first one or two paragraphs of your news story. While an angle defines what you are going to write, your intro is actually going ahead and putting it into words. Intros employ the who, what, when, where, why and how concept in order to get your story out quickly.

3. Quote – Almost all news stories have some sort of quote. A quote humanizes the story and also provides it with authority. The best kinds of quotes support what you write in your intro. Quotes should have the full name and title of the person being quoted. Less ideal is “reliable source” or “spokesperson” but sometimes it is unavoidable. News articles can be written without a quote but this is not ideal.

4. Attribution – Following on from quotes, you should do your best to make sure events are attributed to somebody, especially if you were not at the scene. In court reporting, this is of utmost importance, which is why in these types of stories you may see phrases such as “the court was told”, “he told the court” and “the court heard”.

News writing is not like informational articles. In a news story, you solve the problem as soon as possible. “How to” articles may identify problems and then offer a solution. In news writing, however, you do not have time for this.

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Source by Nazvi Careem

News And The Internet

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The use of online news sites have been extremely popular in the way the average internet user is able to keep up with the news on the internet, without the hassle of having to buy a newspaper, turn on the television, or the radio.

It is perhaps the most convenient way an Internet user can get his / her news on the Internet. Most of the major news organizations have online versions of their news on the Internet.

The Washington Post and the New York Times has articles from their newspaper online. The ABC (Australian Broadcasting Corporation) radio has transcripts of their radio bulletin boards online and Channel Nine of Australia has collaborated with MSN to jointly put up articles on the web.

Internet users have become net savvy enough to scour the web for alternative news sources. The Arab media company, Al Jezeera, has plenty of hits on its English news site, even though; it was lauded as anti-American by the Bush administration.

These are just some examples on how the news which internet users read online, are mostly from media companies which have already had their hand in the production of other forms of more traditional media before venturing onto the Internet.

Yet, with this in mind, it is not surprising that much of the information that an internet user reads from online news sites is primarily recycled information from these media organizations.

Those with the resources to produce their news segments in other forms of media, would also have the resources to run an online news site. The Washington Post has started charging for their articles to be read online, so that they can garner some revenue from their Internet media business, while the New York Times require their readers to register before they are allowed to read their articles.

Here with the way internet news sites are evolving, there is really becoming only one way where the consumer can get hold of news from these organizations and that is to pay.

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Source by Phil Lam

The Importance Of Headlines

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Internet users are notorious scanners. I suspect they developed this habit as a defense mechanism, as a way to counteract the massive volumes of information found on the Internet.

That's why headlines are so important. Headlines act as stop sign, in a crowded universe filled with scanners, on this medium known as the "information superhighway."

The best way to get a scanners attention is to write a targeted headline that makes the reader think to himself, "Hey, that's me they're talking about!"

Many novice copywriters make the fatal mistake of writing headlines that attempt to sell to everyone, and as a result, end up selling to no one.

That's why it's so important to make sure your headlines are targeted.

For example, I'm a copywriter. My target market is anyone who is dissatisfied with the performance of their sales copy.

On my website, the headline of my sales letter simply reads:

"Website Not Making Any Sales? Get A Free Sales Copy Evaluation Today!"

Just 12 simple words that are targeted and super-effective!

But even though the words may appear simple, it's very important to invest some time into creating your headlines.

To end up with the best, targeted titles possible, you need to write dozens of variations of potential headlines.

I generally write 20 to 30 headlines, and then narrow my list down to the best 10, and from there, the best 5, and finally, the best one.

Having said that, I have to be honest and tell you this. Usually, my very best headlines just pop into my head, without me having to compile a list first.

But I've been writing copy for 25 years. So I have a feel for what works and what does not. I do not recommend you use the first headline that pops into your head. ALWAYS compile a list.

Some copywriters write as many as 50 headlines, and narrow their list down to the top 2 headlines, and then split-test them.

Split-testing is a procedure that ascertains effectiveness, and proper function.

When I first started copywriting, I used to always split-test my headlines.

However, over the years, as I developed more and more experience, I rarely split-test headlines anymore. Why?

Because after 25 years of writing copy, I've developed such an excellent feel for writing headlines, once I decide on the best headline to use, 99% of the time, the headlines I select work exceedingly well.

So how can you determine your best headlines?

Showcase your headlines to other people. Get their opinions.

Michel Fortin's CopywritersBoard.com is an excellent place to get your headlines critiqued by competent professionals.

Just remember, no matter what opinions others may have about your headlines, it's extremely going to come down to your own gut instinct, as to which headlines you decide to use.

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Source by Dale King

Why It’s Important to Keep Up With the News

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Many people neglect the news and are unaware of what is going on in the world around them. This is a large mistake however and a good understanding of current affairs is actually crucial for many reasons. Here we’ll look at just why it’s so important to follow the news and why you should look for a news blog, website or news channel to provide you with regular updates.

Firstly the news can sometimes affect you. You might not think that news is constantly about crises in other countries, or things that have happened to other people, but more likely the news reflects a policy or government decision that will be utilising your tax money and that will affect your economy. The government is designed to work for us and this is the true idea of a democracy, however it’s the press and the blogs and news channels that allow us to actually see what the government are doing and that allow for democracy to work. People fought and died for freedom of speech and the freedom of the press that comes with it, and so to turn your back on it is a serious mistake. When it comes to an election, the news through the last few years should be the main thing influencing your decision.

At the same time the news can often affect you directly. For example the recent news of the ash cloud covering the sky meant that many flights had to be cancelled or couldn’t go ahead. However only those who read a news blog or watched a news channel would have known not to go ahead and book any last minute flights. Even on a more basic level, the news often includes the weather, and this will affect whether we get wet when we head outside or remember to bring an umbrella.

The news is also very important for conversation. If something big has happened in the news then this is a sure fire way to spark up a conversation with someone where there might otherwise have been an awkward silence. At the same time in a group of people talking about the news you won’t want to be the only one who isn’t aware of what’s going on as this can make you feel very isolated and out of touch. At the same time you might lose respect from the other people who value the news and current affairs more.

Of course the news is also just interesting and while there will be a lot you’re not interested in, there will always be something that catches your attention and that is related to one of the fields you find interesting. If you like celebrities and gossip then this always finds its way on to the news, while meanwhile you’ll also likely find information about sports and cutting edge science.

If you want to stay up to date with the news but struggle to find the time, new media technologies are now allowing many new methods to get quick and specific news updates meaning there’s really no excuse left for not knowing what’s going on in the world.

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Source by Marie Huitt

Global Stratification – Inequality Between Nations

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Our world population has increased significantly during the last 50 years. With the increase of the population the same happened with the problems which usually occur in our world. In this case I speak about the poverty. In my mind, it is one of the most serious problems in our world, since it is global. So undoubtedly we should know what “global stratification” stands for as it helps to understand full dimensions of global poverty.

Basically, global stratification is the pattern of global inequality in the world as a whole. The difference between nations and their income as well as wealth – those can be the main indicators of global stratification. For example, 20% of the richest population in the world earns 77% of the total income; however 20% of the poorest earn only 2%.

Even though latest researches state that overall people become richer, compared to the beginning of the 20th century, rich people increase their wealth and income faster than the poor ones, so the difference between poor and wealthy people grows.

When I speak about different things or happenings I like to compare them with my own experience or experience of my family. In this case we speak about the poverty in a world as a whole. But let’s be honest, our wealth mostly depends on ourselves. I believe that we are creators of our life.

For example my grandfather was a backwoodsman living in a small village in the central part of Soviet Union. However he was the only person from that village who managed to get the highest degree in engineering in St. Petersbourg. Later in the late 70s our family moved to Tallinn as my grandfather became a chief engineer. But when the Soviet Union collapsed our family lost almost everything. As my parents were only 19 years old when I was born, they didn’t manage to get higher education. The first part of the 90s wasn’t the best for our family. Business didn’t go so well, as it was quite dangerous, and unfortunately unstable. So sometimes we didn’t have the best food to eat. However my parents started to study. And now my father is one of the most famous Russian speaking lawyers in Estonia, and he is studying right know in doctorate at Tartu University. My mother is a financial director.

The moral is quite simple, if you want to achieve something, you should work hard.

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Source by Kos Sad

How to Write a Preschool Newsletter

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You want to write a newsletter for your preschool. Where do you start? What do you put in? What is the format? How often do you send it out? Let's go over these questions and and more as we discuss how to write a preschool newsletter.

There are several places that you can get templates for your newsletter. Most of us have Microsoft Word. The functions you find there can be chosen and set for current and future use. You can also find templates on the internet.

What do you look for when you are searching for a template for your preschool newsletter? Find something that is simple, easy to read, colorful but not overwhelming. One page is perfect. More than that and it may not get read.

In most you may choose the colors, font style and logo as well as the columns and headings. Be sure to save it so that all the set up work is done. This will save you time in the future and it will make your preschool newsletter consistent each time it is used. Come up with a name for your preschool newsletter that is fun or just use the name of your preschool.

Now you are ready to add content. Your preschool newsletter will be organized by sections. This can be done by paragraphs only or you could add bullets, headings or division by boxes.

Some suggestions for sections are: what has happened since the last newsletter, upcoming themes and events, special requests, thank-you's, artwork, birthdays, children's favorites, featured child or family or teacher, parenting tips, school policy reminders, etc. Do NOT include all of these or your newsletter will be too long. Keep the same sections each time.

Consistency might be the best policy. Your families will get used to your format and look for things to follow in that format each time. Choose a cute heading for each area. Use the headings for each newsletter.

In your past happenings, include summaries of what has happened since the last newsletter. This would include themes, guest speakers, quotes from children, and thank-you's.

Next, look ahead to what will be coming up. This section would include upcoming themes, field trips, parties, birthdays, announcements, etc. Be sure to mention days that the school will be closed for vacation or national holidays.

Put in requests for items that are needed in the classroom. Parents like to donate art supplies, recyclables, snack items and anything else that could have been used in your preschool classroom.

Then you want to get personal by spotlighting yourself or a child and their family. You could write about something cute that a child did or said during preschool. You could ask a family to tell about themselves for the newsletter. This is a good place to include pictures of the children. Be sure to get permission from the parents before you use their child's picture.

At the end it would be a good idea to give a few words of wisdom. You could remind parents of a school policy that is not being followed. This is a good way to gently remind without it being a confrontation.

End your preschool newsletter by giving some great advice. You could quote someone famous or something from a book on parenting. It could be about discipline or some area of ​​concern for the preschool age child like safety, potty training, etc.

How often should your newsletter go out? This is entirely up to you. Some preschools do a weekly newsletter, some bi-weekly, some monthly. Once you have a schedule set, be sure that you stick to it. You want to be professional and dependable. Parent will learn to rely on the preschool newsletter for past and upcoming information, your good advise, and what is happening in the other families.

Your parents are busy people. Do not give them too much to digest in one sitting. Get to the point and stay on the point. Give them information that they need about your preschool. Give them advise that they can use. Make it fun so they enjoy reading it and it is not another chore.

Best wishes in running your preschool.

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Source by Mary Beth Collins

How to Overcome a Needle Phobia – Trypanophobia

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Let’s face it most people don’t like the idea of injections but there is a big difference between not liking and being afraid. But there is good news, you don’t have to suffer with fear of needles any longer. Many of the people that come to me for help in overcoming a Needle Phobia or a fear of needles have a good reason to be afraid and many have good reasons as to why they want or need to overcome the fear. In some cases not being able to have an injection or blood test could be a life-threatening problem.

Some people have been afraid for a long as they can remember and for some it started following an unpleasant experience. I’ve seen people from the age of about 6 years old all the way through to people in their 70’s. The one thing they all had in common was a fear of needles and they wanted help to overcome the fear of needles.

The first important thing you need to know.

The first important thing you need to know is that fear of needles is a learnt behaviour and this means that it is something you can overcome. People are born with only 2 built in fears and they are the fear of sudden loud noises and the fear of falling. All the other fears are learnt behaviours and because of this you can overcome the fear. You brain is a learning machine that works constantly trying to make sense of the world and to protect you. Because conscious thinking takes time and in some situations a second or two thinking could make the difference between danger and safety your brain is designed to learn and protect you. So if it has learnt a fear rather than being a conscious process it is something that runs at an unconscious level or in other words rather than thinking about it you just do it. And although in many situations this is very useful there are some situations where you need to be able to over-ride the learnt response.

How to overcome the fear of needles.

In order to overcome your fear of needles you need to do several simple things to overcome the fear and teach your brain a new response. Generally the majority of people with a fear of needles can overcome the fear or phobia in just a couple of appointments and in some cases just one appointment. What we are looking to do is break the old learnt response and to create a new more useful response.

When someone has a fear of needles particularly a strong fear it’s not uncommon to find that everything about how they think about it and perceive it is built around and on the idea of being scared. And unfortunately by doing that they are unwittingly re enforcing their own fear.

When people come to me to for help in overcoming fear of needles one of the first things I ask them is how do they know when it’s time to feel scared? Most people with a fear of needles don’t wait until the injection is being done to start feeling scared. Typically they will start feeling afraid hours, days or weeks in advance. Now if you think about it, if you are feeling anxious before the injection has started then obviously it’s actually not the needle causing it. That would be like the food making you feel sick before you eat it.

The first thing you have to do

So the first thing is to start paying attention to how you are thinking about it. Because we all have thoughts going through our minds all day long most people are consciously unaware of how they are thinking about things. Many people reading this will be hearing the words inside their head as they read. We all think things to ourselves inside our head but have you even taken the time to notice how you are thinking about something and whether your internal dialogue sounds calm and relaxed or anxious? When you think about having an injection do you imagine yourself there being calm and relaxed, anxious or even panicky? Do you see yourself their in your minds eye picturing what things may look like or do you see what you’d see through your own eyes in the experience?

No matter how you are thinking about it they are your thoughts. And because they are your thoughts you can change how you think about needles.

Your brain responds literally

Your brain responds very literally. So if you are making scary pictures inside your mind your brain will respond to those images. The bigger they are and the more realistic they look the stronger the emotional response generated by your neurology. Also looking at them from the perspective of what it would look like in the experience, in other words what you’d actually see through your own eyes in the experience will produce a stronger emotional response compared to watching yourself there from the perspective of what you’d see if someone had videoed it and you were watching it back on TV. Now notice what happens when you not only watch yourself there but also reduce the size of the image, put a boarder or frame around the image, make the colours look faded and drain the detail out. What’s happened to the feelings that were associated with that image? Obviously there is a bit more to it then this but the important thing to realise is that your fear of needles isn’t who you are it’s something you do. It’s behaviour and behaviours can be changed quicker than you may think.

What you believe influences your behaviour and your neurology

For some people getting them to relax in a hypnotherapist’s office isn’t enough because unfortunately some people will re install their fear due to their own belief and perception of needles. We have more information about how you can overcome fear of needles at PhobiaGone.

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Source by Paul A Wright

Breaking News – Man vs Nature

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Break, break and break.

Your culture is broken. Your routine is broken. Your whole day is broken. Your evenings are broken. Your life has become one helluva hiatus of incisive breaks.

Fortunately your office gives you only one break a day. But if you even think of enjoying your break you get mercilessly broken. If you prefer to stay at home your existence gets broken.

The news channels keep on breaking their news till nothing remains. They even break the news of a heart broken wife beaten by her booze broken husband. The entertainment channels break you tastelessly when you start finding it palatable. The movie channels break you so much that you give up going any further with it. The sports channels break even the live proceedings and allow so much break virus creep into the small screen that you almost need a Google search to find your favourite players.

This burden of breaks is definitely getting oppressive and dangerous for the living planet. How so? Well, we cannot afford to take a break here. We continue relentlessly so that you get the full point without it being broken.

It is said that nature retaliates when man commits follies on earth. Nature tries to convey messages or warnings first. When these are not heeded nature starts breaking out in full fury. Enough breaks are enough follies. Nature has already demonstrated that in a myriad pattern all over the globe.

In summer coldness creeps in due to incessant rains. If you see the pattern in different parts of the globe including India you will find that 10% to 50% of total seasonal rainfall get delivered in just few hours or in a single day. After that follows a long gap and then again the deluge for one or two days. Floods, earthquakes, fires have acquired added force due to the concentrated efforts. So you sweat in winter, shiver in summer, swim in rainwater and despair of nature’s unseasonal behavior. Deadly surprises lurk in every corner of your planet.

Yes, nature too has started breaking news and taking breaks. It breaks out furiously to break for a long period of rest.

Dare take a break?

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Source by Chinmay Chakravarty

Stunning News For ClickBank Marketers!

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For years, Product Owners on ClickBank.com have had to brave the weather trying to get more Affiliates to promote their products.

Those years of hardship are officially over with the release of The Internet Time Machine, an Advanced Cloud Computing Supported Text Mining Framework that uses Supply and Demand logic from the Foundational Principles of Economics in analyzing product demand on the Internet, daily, using over 40 Million Data Sources at its disposal.

When a ClickBank product owner launches their product on ClickBank, the next most daring step is to attract a large enough base of affiliates to promote it. Users of the internet time machine are able to view and study new key phrase trends daily, and almost all trends have some product or the other available on ClickBank. The ITM allows its users to search for relevant products on ClickBank, and promote them.

Both Product Owners and Affiliates can make use of the ITM to select a niche to deploy a product for and to market products from a chosen niche, respectively. The Internet Time Machine displays thousands of highly profitable, low competition keywords and key phrases that represent niche markets that no one has tapped into yet, hence the low advertiser competition.

Previously, Internet Marketers spent weeks, even months, simply researching the market for new trends and potential markets to create products. The Internet Time Machine’s revolutionary algorithms are now doing that job for them, in under 24 hours every day, by sending out a series of advanced Crawlers that collect and Analyse information from over 55 Million Sources and over 60,000 PR6 Blogs to see what is being talked about, how often, and what niche markets are fast emerging with high consumer demand that most internet marketers have not found yet. These niches are then provided to all Platinum Members of The Internet Time Machine.

The Internet Time Machine is by far the best possible way to seek out new products to promote on ClickBank, for any niche whatsoever, and is a dream come true for all who use ClickBank today!

If you haven’t already, Sign Up for an Internet Time Machine account today!

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Source by Ali S. Khan

Where Can You Get Basketball News First?

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It is amazing how the mediums of communication can provide news, as in first hear, first eyed ones! And what more can a basketball fan wants than first hand basketball news? This is the glory humans have achieved by seeking modern devices than those that are in the older days. In those times, people will still have to wait for the morning post before they get the news unless they are in the event.

But if they are, the news is still contained until they are able to relay on the message when they get home. Now, there's no need to go events when there are more important appointments at the same time. All you need is to have the right mediums.

Here are some of the most valuable ways of communications that can bring the news first hand:

a.) Internet. Get connected and access the world in few steps and clicks on the mouse. The news is in your fingertips with this latest innovation in communication. The web is the fastest and the most accurate medium of communication. You can get first rate news of different topics right when it happens or as it is happening. Only that you have to be meticulous too as the web is easily accessed by anyone.

It can spread fictitious events and other malicious stories. Ensure that you get your basketball news through reputed sites and terminals so you will enjoy the benefits of being connected with the web.

b.) Television. Televisions nowdays are already very effective form of media. In older years, TVs are just a form of entertainment as it is never effective in providing fast and first rate news. But true, it is more effective than newspapers because this form comes out a day after that makes the news irrelevant as it is no longer fresh. So if you are among the avid fans of basketball news, its no longer fresh when it comes to you but a mere recho of the talks you've been hearing from those that came from the venue.

c.) Newspaper. The newspaper is the longest running form of events provider worldwide. Ever since man had the ability to write, it was used to circulate something important. It has many columns too so you get the chance to have something about current events, entertainment, and sports news. They are printed as well as pictures are added so you also feel the same tremor as those that are in the event venue. Only that it is printed every after a day of the event-not news anymore.

d.) Phone. Another form of basketball news and mews in general is the phone. This is the fastest way of communication although it lacks the transparency because the receiver is not able to see the happenings, relying purely on the caller. So if the caller is exaggerating the news or being plain even if the events are great, the news is at stake.

The continued improvement of basketball news carriers are to the benefits of both and everyone, fanatic or not. It is for the receiver to choose which is best from the above mention. But then it is also very important to ensure that the chosen form of communication is highly reputable. Doing so will also ensure accuracy of the news at hand.

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Source by Alexander Barak